Title IV – Estoppel (Book IV, Civil Code)
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Title IV – Estoppel (Book IV, Civil Code)

TITLE IV ESTOPPEL (n) Article 1431. Through estoppel an admission or representation is rendered conclusive upon the person making it, and cannot be denied or disproved as against the person relying thereon. Article 1432. The principles of estoppel are hereby adopted insofar as they are not in conflict with the provisions of this Code, the…

Title III – Natural Obligations (Book IV, Civil Code)
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Title III – Natural Obligations (Book IV, Civil Code)

TITLE III NATURAL OBLIGATIONS Article 1423. Obligations are civil or natural. Civil obligations give a right of action to compel their performance. Natural obligations, not being based on positive law but on equity and natural law, do not grant a right of action to enforce their performance, but after voluntary fulfillment by the obligor, they…

Title II – Contracts (Book IV, Civil Code)
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Title II – Contracts (Book IV, Civil Code)

TITLE II CONTRACTS CHAPTER 1 General Provisions Article 1305. A contract is a meeting of minds between two persons whereby one binds himself, with respect to the other, to give something or to render some service. (1254a) Article 1306. The contracting parties may establish such stipulations, clauses, terms and conditions as they may deem convenient,…

Title I – Obligations (Book IV, Civil Code)
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Title I – Obligations (Book IV, Civil Code)

BOOK IV Obligations and Contracts TITLE I Obligations CHAPTER 1 General Provisions Article 1156. An obligation is a juridical necessity to give, to do or not to do. (n) Article 1157. Obligations arise from: (1) Law; (2) Contracts; (3) Quasi-contracts; (4) Acts or omissions punished by law; and (5) Quasi-delicts. (1089a) Article 1158. Obligations derived…

RA 8371: The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997

RA 8371: The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997

Table of Contents Chapter 1: General Provisions Chapter II: Definition of Terms Chapter III: Rights to Ancestral Domains Chapter IV: Right to Self-Governance and Empowerment Chapter V: Social Justice and Human Rights Chapter VI: Cultural Integrity Chapter VII: National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) Chapter VIII: Delineation and Recognition of Ancestral Domains Chapter IX: Jurisdiction…

R.A. 10158: Amends A202 Revised Penal Code

R.A. 10158: Amends A202 Revised Penal Code

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Legislation R.A. 10158 Amendments — Short Title — Approved March 27, 2012 Promulgated — Published — Effective — Repeals — Amends Article 202, Revised Penal Code REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10158 AN ACT DECRIMINALIZING VAGRANCY, AMENDING FOR THIS PURPOSE ARTICLE 202 OF ACT NO. 3815, AS AMENDED, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE REVISED PENAL CODE…

Title 5 – Crimes Relative to Opium and Other Prohibited Drugs, Book Two, Revised Penal Code

Title 5 – Crimes Relative to Opium and Other Prohibited Drugs, Book Two, Revised Penal Code

Article 190. Possession, preparation and use of prohibited drugs and maintenance of opium dens. – The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prision correccional in its minimum period and a fine ranging from 300 to 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon: 1. Anyone who unless lawfully authorized shall possess, prepare, administer, or…